Transportation in Russia


Traveling by plane

The plane is the most important means of transport in domestic traffic. The four Moscow airports are the hub of the national flight network (see International Travel).
Polet Air (YQ) (Internet: connects Moscow with Murmansk, among others.

Air passes

With the Go Russia Pass from Skyteam, passengers whose flights depart from outside the Russian Federation and are operated by one of the 15 Skyteam airlines or who are traveling with a go-round-the-world ticket can access more than 30 Russian flights from Moscow Sheremetyevo Visit travel destinations. Travelers can choose between a minimum of three and a maximum of 16 flight coupons.

On the way by car / bus

Unleaded petrol is only available in Kaliningrad, St. Petersburg and near the borders with Finland, Estonia and Latvia. It is recommended to refuel at well-known brands (BP, TNK, LukOil). Credit cards are sometimes accepted for payment in Moscow. We recommend taking out fully comprehensive insurance.

International driver’s license (recommended) or national driver’s license with translation. The international green insurance card is valid as international proof of liability insurance. Long-distance

long-distance buses are normally not allowed to be used by visitors.

Speed limits:

in built-up areas: 60 km / h (in residential areas: 20 km / h),
on country roads: 90 km / h,
on motorways 110: km / h.
If you haven’t had your driving license for more than 2 years, you are generally not allowed to drive faster than 70 km / h.

Traffic regulations:
– Night driving should be avoided and visitors are not allowed to hitchhike.
– Blood alcohol limit: 0.3â?? °.
– Dipped headlights are mandatory all year round, including during the day.
– Every vehicle must be equipped with seat belts, a first aid kit, fire extinguisher and emergency horn / red warning light.
– The use of the horn is only allowed to avoid accidents.
– In the event of an accident, the nearest traffic watch or the travel agency must be notified. All parties involved must make a written statement, which must be confirmed by a militia officer. The visitor bears all repair costs.
– Important phone numbers: accident rescue: 007/03, police emergency number (militia): 007/02, fire:

007/01.Some international car rental companies have offices in Moscow. The itinerary must be approved by a tour operator and visitors are not allowed to leave the routes designated for car travel. The places of accommodation, the type of accommodation and the number of nights must be specified. The rental price includes insurance. If you wish, you can pick up the vehicle at the border crossing. You should always have the following documents with you: valid passport with a valid visa; international (recommended) or national driver’s license with translation; Documents with the approved route, places of accommodation and rental documents; Map with approved travel routes and tourist papers. Advance booking through a tour operator is recommended.

Traveling in the city

According to youremailverifier, public transport is good and cheap in Russia. Most cities have subways, trams and trolleybuses.

In St. Petersburg and Moscow (Internet: there is an extensive underground network (Metro). Standard fares apply in the various traffic zones. By the end of 2011, St. Petersburg is to receive an elevated tram, which will then make many shared taxi lines in the south of the city superfluous.

can be stopped on the street, ordered by phone or found at taxi stands. Payment in foreign currency is often required. Beware of unregistered taxis; Assaults on travelers can occur.

On the go by train

Only a few long-distance trains are allowed to be used by visitors; all seats must be booked in advance. Train tickets (Internet: for national and international trains are purchased from the Moscow Railway Agency offices.

The Trans-Siberian Railway (see International Travel) is the best way to get to know the interior of the country. The Orient Express also runs from Moscow to Beijing.

The Sapsan high-speed train runs five times a day between Moscow and St. Petersburg (travel time: 3 hours 55 minutes – 4 hours 15 minutes).

Out and about by ship

The Russian Federation has ports on the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea (Sochi and Novorossiysk) and the Pacific. The most important port cities in the east are Vladivostok, Magadan, Nakhodka and Petropavlovsk, in the west St. Petersburg and Kaliningrad. The only connection to the Atlantic is the year-round ice-free port of Murmansk on the Kola Peninsula.

River cruises and excursions are offered on the Volga, Lena and Irtysh, Ob, Don and Amur rivers. Various cruises are offered, e.g. B. from St. Petersburg to Moscow, to Rostov, over the Ladoga and Onega lakes and over the Karelian lakes. More information from Viking River Cruises (Internet:

Transportation in Russia